The constituted city of Tarragona, got to have more than 30,000 inhabitants, being elevated like administrative capital, that was object of visit and residence of emperors and until minted coins.
The city grew in the form of terraces, forced this way by the orography of the land, expansion that culminated in the third century reaching the negligible extent of 70 hectares. The decline of the city is lived in the fifth century, period in which the Visigothic incursions are constant and end with the city in the hands of King Alaric in 475.
The Romans left their mark on the city they knew as Tarraco.
From battle camp to military settlement, shortly after walled and finally city, Tarraco experienced a meteoric process of prosperity. During the years following the distinction of Julius Caesar, the temples, the municipal forum and the theater were built, thus giving the town «Panem et circem», a symbol of Roman well-being.
The Tarragona of today preserves the legacy of this civilization, archaeological remains that have been worthy of recognition in the year 2000 as Unesco World Heritage. The Roman archaeological complex of Tarraco, in Tarragona, received in the year 45 a.C. by the hand of Julio Cesar, the category of Colonia Iulia Urbs Tarraco (CIUT).
Just 1 hour from Barcelona, well worth a visit!