Monthly Archives: julio 2021


The Lonja de la Seda in Valencia – Silk Market

The Lonja de la Seda de Valencia or Lonja de los Mercaderes is a Valencian civil Gothic masterpiece located in the historic center of the city of Valencia (Spain).
Declared, in 1996, a World Heritage Site by Unesco, it is located in the Plaza del Mercado, number 31, in front of the Church of the Santos Juanes and the Central Market of Valencia.
It was named a National Monument since 1931, and UNESCO declared the Lonja de la Seda a World Heritage Site on December 5, 1996, as a “totally exceptional example of a secular building in late Gothic style, which illustrates splendidly the power and wealth of one of the great mercantile cities of the Mediterranean ”, being considered one of the most brilliant examples of European civil Gothic.

The Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial

The Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial is a complex that includes a royal palace, a basilica, a pantheon, a library, a school and a monastery. It is located in the Spanish town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, in the Community of Madrid, and was built in the 16th century between 1563 and 1584.
The palace was the residence of the Spanish royal family, the basilica is the burial place of the kings of Spain and the monastery –founded by monks of the Order of Saint Jerome– is currently occupied by friars of the Order of Saint Augustine. It is one of the most unique Renaissance architectures in Spain and Europe. Located in San Lorenzo de El Escorial, it occupies an area of 33,327 m², on the southern slope of Mount Abantos, at an altitude of 1,028 m, in the Sierra de Guadarrama. It is managed by National Heritage.
It was considered, since the end of the 16th century, the Eighth Wonder of the World, both for its size and functional complexity and for its enormous symbolic value.
On November 2, 1984, UNESCO declared the Monastery and Site of El Escorial as a World Heritage Site. It is one of the main tourist attractions in the Community of Madrid. The monumental complex receives more than 500,000 visitors a year.

Mallorca Cathedral, Spain

The Cathedral-Basilica of Santa María in Palma (Mallorca) also called the Cathedral of Mallorca is the main religious building on the island of Mallorca.
In Catalan, it is known as La Seu (Seu or Seo is the name given to cathedrals in the Crown of Aragon).
It consists of a Levantine Gothic style temple built on the shore of the bay of Palma.
It overlooks the sea on the Roman and Renaissance walls that protected the city, being the only Gothic cathedral that meets this peculiarity.
It also consists of the headquarters of the diocese of Mallorca, its holder is the Assumption of Mary.
In 1931 it was declared a Historic-artistic Monument.
In addition, it is the cathedral with the largest rose window in the Gothic world.

The Retiro Park – The most important park in Madrid

The Retiro Park or Buen Retiro Park, popularly known as El Retiro, is a historic garden and public park located in Madrid (Spain).
Considered one of the main tourist attractions of the city, it houses numerous architectural, sculptural and landscape ensembles from the 17th to 21st centuries, among which the Monument to Alfonso XII, the Crystal Palace, the Grande Pond, the Parterre, the Puerta de Felipe IV, the Royal Astronomical Observatory and the source of the Artichoke; and even earlier, such as the hermitage of San Pelayo and San Isidoro, of Romanesque origin.
It was built in the first half of the seventeenth century within the landscaping project developed for the Buen Retiro Palace, an old royal possession created by the Count-Duke of Olivares (1587-1645) for the enjoyment of Felipe IV (1605-1665) ,  of whom was its valid.
Its use as an urban park dates back to 1767, the year in which Carlos III (1716-1788) allowed the public to enter for recreational purposes and, definitively, from 1868, when it came under the ownership of the Madrid City Council.
It is protected as an Asset of Cultural Interest (BIC), a legal figure that every declaration of a historic garden holds in Spanish regulations. Within its limits there are more than 19,000 trees, representative of 167 species, of which include six specimens included in the list of singular trees of the Community of Madrid.

The Tower of Hercules, the lighthouse in La Coruña, Spain.

The Tower of Hercules is a tower and lighthouse located on a hill in the peninsula of the city of La Coruña, in Galicia (Spain). Its total height is 55 meters, 1 2 and dates from the 1st century. It is privileged to be the only Roman lighthouse and the oldest in operation in the world. It is the third tallest lighthouse in Spain.
The origin of the tower is unknown, although it was rebuilt by the Romans in the 1st century. The Tower of Hercules was built as a navigational beacon and included the construction between the reigns of Nero and Vespasian based on the findings of fragments of terra sigillata and thin-walled glasses dating from the 40’s and 80’s of our era. The inscription at the foot of the tower and the documentary references to the city of Brigantium (La Coruña) reveal the existence of a lighthouse from Trajan’s time.
In 2009 it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Another fascinating place to add to the list of places to discover in Spain

The Alcazar of segovia in Spain

The Alcazar of Segovia, dating from the early 12th century, is one of the most characteristic medieval castles in the world and one of the most visited monuments in Spain.
It was built between 1440 and 1465 and is considered a great example of Spanish civil-Gothic architecture.
The Alcazar of Segovia is a beautiful and imposing castle steeped in history.
It is called Alcazar because kings lived in it, and it is this characteristic that made it a place of great importance in the history of Castile during the Middle Ages.
Its imposing profile rises majestically over the Eresma valley and is a symbol of the Old City of Segovia, declared a Unesco World Heritage Site in 1985.
A visit to the interior of the Alcazar is highly recommended, both to enjoy the architecture and decoration of its rooms, inspired by the time of the Catholic Monarchs, and to enjoy the views it offers from each of its windows and terraces.
Its location, at the top of a hill and crossed by the Eresma and Clamores rivers, served to be a practically impassable castle. Today, this situation serves to be one of the most beautiful and with the best views in Spain.

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